There are a lot of misconceptions about cannabinoids, terpenes, and different kinds of cannabis products.
For the longest time, I like many others assumed that marijuana’s only active ingredient was the THC molecule.
Eventually I learned about CBD, but then I assumed there were only two active components in the plant. These two cannabinoids as they are called, are actually just two of what could be hundreds of other lesser known and minor cannabinoids. Researchers have isolated and studied dozens, but the number in total could well be into the hundreds once we fully understand every single cannabinoid. If someone lacks this understanding, their mindset focuses on compounds or extracts that largely contain THC and CBD and little more. Hydrocarbon extractions of cannabis and hemp using butane or propane produce potent extracts like shatter, crumble, and wax relatively effectively. However, depending on the skill and equipment used, hydrocarbon extracts do not always present the most full spectrum cannabis or hemp experience. Aside from minor cannabinoids like CBG, CBC, and CBN, hydrocarbon extracts often lose many of the dominant terpenes that are in the fresh plant. All of these molecules accumulate together to form the entourage effect associated with consuming whole-plant hemp and cannabis flowers. Using a heat extraction to create rosin retains many of these minor cannabinoids that would otherwise be lost or greatly reduced with a chemical solvent extraction. Even as hydrocarbon extraction techniques have vastly improved in recent years, the solventless extractions are becoming increasingly popular with time. It’s a test to see which technique dominates the field of hemp extracts in the years to come.